Dry Stone Waller | Cotswolds | Gloucestershire | | | | 07896 236115 | Duncan@PrinceOfWalls.com

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS


Local stone is perfect for dry stone walling as it blends naturally with its surroundings

Links:
http://parishgrasslandsproject.org.uk/otherservices.html
Proof of my public liability insurance: https://quote.simplybusiness.co.uk/certificate/policy-overview/14BkssOMnSTRJHzJREYs2w/

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Walling is one of the most durable and attractive of all the boundaries available, but they are not the cheapest form of enclosure. The expense mainly arises because walling is labour intensive and may involve considerable materials and haulage costs. Other significant factors include ease of access to the site, space around it for laying out stone and the implications of where a wall is to be positioned. The quality of finish also affects the cost, as ornamental pieces take longer to build than field walls for instance.
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I can be more responsive than many of the larger contractors, so please drop me a line and we can discuss when I can start and the time-frame for work to complete.

Currently I am booking work about 3 months in advance.
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Working with stone takes considerably longer that building walls with bricks and mortar because no two stones are alike and it demands careful attention to detail.

Being trained in the art by the Cotswold Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and having experience of practice working on field quality walls, where time is of the essence, l know I am able to build this standard of wall quite quickly (as a rule of thumb you could consider a speed of about 1.5 metres per day of a straight build above level foundations).

However a higher quality garden wall, those retaining a bank, on a slope, or walls in less than ideal locations will take longer.

It is also dependent on many other factors, for example working and layout space and the weather, which can can make timescales less predictable.

However being a committed professional you can be sure that I will communicate with you every step of the way
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I am a professional member of the Dry Stone Walling Association of Great Britain (DSWA) who seek to promote best practice within the craft of dry stone walling.

The DSWA take seriously any complaints received against members and follow up reports of below-standard walling with the professionals concerned.

I am well read, well trained and have a vested interest in achieving a standard of work that will build up a flow of satisfied customers who will provide me with testimonials and work references for years to come.
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Ideally source quality stone as the walling stone needs to be weather resistant, strong and preferably flat.

First clear the ground where you are going to build your stone wall of any obstructions. Then mark the line of the wall out with string. A shallow trench is then to be dug, for the foundations. The width of the wall at the base will depend on the height of the stone wall.
The main principles of building a dry stone wall are:
  • Keep the joints between each stone as tight as possible
  • The face (smartest and straightest) stone is to be selected for the outside of the wall
  • The stone at the bottom of the wall will be the flattest and largest.
  • The gap between the two outer facing stones, in the middle of the stone wall should be filled in with hearting (appropriately sized infill stones to prevent movement).
  • Each layer of the outer facing stones should have the principle of 'two over one and one over '.
  • Throughstones should be laid at regular intervals.
  • The stone wall should narrow as it gets higher.
  • The capping stones need to be preferably heavy and span the width of the wall. The stone wall cap is essential for the longevity of the wall as well as the aesthetic look.
  • Most of the principles above will promote the strength and stability of the natural stone wall that should last for generations and look beautiful.

Click on icon below to link to a good book on subject:
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Yes. To provide protection in the event of unforeseen circumstances, I am insured up to £5 million for public liability.
See: https://quote.simplybusiness.co.uk/certificate/policy-overview/14BkssOMnSTRJHzJREYs2w/
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Although Dry Stone walling is my specialism I am a practical person and am able to build walls that reflect the local style or build to more exacting customer requirements.

I have worked with stone from the Cotswolds, the Mendips, Cumbria, Yorkshire, the Forest of Dean and the Wye Valley and from different geological seams e.g. a Triassic sandstone marl in the Charfield area.

If requested and I consider it the correct course of action, I will sometimes mortar the coping stones or perhaps cap a wall with either a sharp sand based cement or concrete. I have even pointed a wall built with natural limestone in a mortar that complemented the stone used.

I have attended a Lime Pointing workshop run by Leicester City Council to ensure heritage contractors have a good understanding on the use of lime in old historic buildings, within natural stone work or heritage walls.

Lime, be that non-hydraulic and natural hydrated, brings properties not seen in cement e.g. it it permeable so lets out water and does not drive it into the surrounding stone(which would cause it to spawl), it's flexible allowing for movement without cracking and it should be weaker than the stone its protecting, so the "expensive" stone lasts longer than the lime mortar which would a much cheaper repair/re-point.
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I often work alone (being content with my own thoughts and contemplations) however depending on the scale of the job, the time available to complete, or the size of the stone that needs lifting or positioning, I am open to bringing iin additional labour or skilled professionals to help.

I recently did a job for the National Trust which involved heavy lintels bridging tree roots where I brought in some additional labour.
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For the majority of Dry Stone Walling work my tools consist of just a hammer, line pins, an A-frame if a wall-end is needed, a spirit level, a bucket and perhaps a wheelbarrow depending on carrying distances.

For walls with concrete or mortar topped walls which I need to dismantle safely and concisely or in certain other circumstances, I may use abrasive wheel devices e.g. an angle grinder or a powerful petrol powered cut off saw.

i am trained in the operational use of Stihl cut off saws by Stihl themselves, in accordance with the guidance from CITB and HSE, I also have certification in the use of Abrasive Wheels (including knowing the possible hazards, safe wheel speeds, label markings, safety checks, storage processes and testing protocols). I am also familiar with all the HSE (Health & Safety Executive) guidance on safe working practices e.g. HSG17, COSHH & PUWER ‘98, etc.
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Dry stone walls have stood the test of time. Many of the enclosure walls of the 18th and 19th centuries still stand today. Throughout the UK you can see areas where the patchwork of field boundaries stretches up from the valley floors towards the steep slopes of the fellside.
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Traditional skills are being lost at an alarming rate.
Lack of funding and falling farming incomes have led to a decline in the condition of dry stone walls throughout the UK, affecting both their practical and aesthetic value.
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Stock proof walls are essential to the management of upland livestock. Walls form a permanent enclosure that is more robust and cost effective than any other form of field boundary.
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Britains' flora and fauna owe much to the traditional dry stone walls that provide varied and valuable habitats for a whole range of wild plants and wild creatures. Understanding this makes a real difference in the way I approach repairing or building a wall. The technical side always comes first, but I am very keen on making room for nature and think its important to understanding geology in a dry stone wall.
Fauna
Even a well-maintained dry stone wall is not without its holes, nooks and crannies affording hideaways for mice, hedgehogs, bees nests, newts, slow worms, snakes and birds nests, not to mention the myriad of insects, spiders and snails plus their eggs.

Flora
Although tree roots and ivy left to dominate a wall will be a problem which could eventually tear a wall apart, a great deal of beauty can be gained from some select planting within a wall.

If this is your intention I am willing to introduce a partner to discuss what you have in mind for planting to ensure that the wall will maintain its structural integrity but also provides the floral display that you desire. This is one of the ways that I am unique within the Dry Stone Walling professional community at present.
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Neither technical progress nor man's ingenuity have succeeded in coming up with a more harmonious, effective and long-lived boundary. A well build wall will last for generations and is both functional acting as a boundary, as well as a work of art. Furthermore it embraces recycling as any stone that has fallen can be cleaned off and reused.

The craft of dry stone walling and the preservation of our heritage?
In a 2-sided wall such as a Cotswold dry stone wall the centre, which consists of smaller stones, tightly packed together, form the strength of that structure, holding both sides together. This is called the "heart" of the wall and is the basis for my company name

While also providing a canvass for more controlled planting , as practised at design events including the RHS Chelsea Flower Show in recent years, they also provide a valuable natural habitat for plants, animals and insects in exposed areas of the British landscape.
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Areas of Expertise


A well built dry stone wall will last generations and can really enhance the look of your garden, terrace or boundary.
We are passionate and committed to preserving our heritage and serving the craft by upholding the traditional skills that created these landmarks that have stood the test of time.

Contact


07896 236115
Duncan@princeofwalls.com

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